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IKOHI

Sunday, March 05, 2006

PROFIL IKOHI


(Ikatan Keluarga Orang Hilang Indonesia)
The Indonesian Association of Families of the Disappeared


Name of Organization : IKOHI
Acronym : Ikatan Keluarga Orang Hilang Indonesia Indonesian
Association of Families of the Disappeared
Date of formation : 17 September 1998
Postal Address : Jl. Borobudur No.14, Jakarta Pusat, Indonesia
Telp./Fax : (+62-21) 31904733
Email :
kembalikan@yahoo.com, office@ikohi.org
Website : www.ikohi. org
Post Code : 10320
Bank Account : A/N IKOHI
Bank Negara Indonesia (BNI) Cabang UI Depok
No: 273.001856179.911
Swift Code: BNINIDJA UID
Contact Person : Mugiyanto
Position : Chairperson
Mobile Phone : No0811104495


I. FORMATION OF IKOHI
IKOHI was set up on September 17, 1998 by the parents and surfaced victims of disappearances. Since then, IKOHI was assisted by KONTRAS, until October 2002 when finally IKOHI carried out it first congress to complete its organizational structure. KONTRAS itself was set up in March 20, 1998 by various human rights organization in Jakarta, when there were massive reports from the society on abduction of political activists. Before that, in early 2002, the victims, relatives of victims of involuntary disappearances and KONTRAS carried out a series of meeting to assess and discuss the development of IKOHI and KONTRAS works, especially in the campaign and empowerment of the victims and relatives of victims of enforced or involuntary disappearances. The meetings summed up with some important points that indicate the need for the victims and relatives of victims assisted so far by KONTRAS to form their own organization. First is because the empowerment of the victims and relatives of victims have been the objectives of KONTRAS. The time for the victims to organize themselves has arrived. There have been human resources nationwide. Any question regarding the quality and capacity are matters to be addressed by the new victim based organization. The second reason is that the mandate of KONTRAS has expanded not only to the advocate the cases of involuntary disappearances, but to many others cases of human rights violations. KONTRAS has won the trust from the people to channel their problem related to state violence and human rights violation.

Other consideration in setting up our own organization is in order to improve the participation and involvement of the victims and relatives of victims in the struggles for their own cause. We also see that non victims based organizations have limited mandate for making programs that address the real needs of the victims and the need to empower the victims to be socially, economically and politically independent.

Finally on October 11 to 14, 2002, with the support of KONTRAS and ELSAM, IKOHI carried out its first congress to discuss, formulate and approved its by-law, organizational structure, programs and other organizational requirements.

In the Congress, IKOHI decided its two priority of programs. They are (1) the empowerment of the social, economic, social and cultural potential of the members as well as mental and physical, and (2) the campaign for solving of the cases and preventing the cases from happening again. The solving of the cases means the reveal of the truth, the justice for the perpetrators, the reparation and rehabilitation of the victims and the guarantee that such gross violation of human right will never be repeated again in the future.

These programs of IKOHI arise from the condition that until justice is prevailed, reparation and rehabilitation is achieved, the victims will always be victimized. They will still be socially, economically, politically and culturally discriminated, isolated and marginalized. In such situation, the victims and relatives of victims can’t live normal life, let alone to actively participate in the struggle for truth and justice. Other factor is the nature of the present regimes that is lack of commitment, and even resistant to the people’s demand for solving the cases of human rights violation in the past, including the cases of enforced or involuntary disappearances.

Accordingly, efforts to empower and improve the predicate of victims and relatives of victims merely as “victims” to be the “survivors” are important. Only in such condition, they can involve and participate in normal life and express their social, economic, cultural and political aspirations. We believe that these are very important, otherwise the wall of impunity that is being maintained by the present military-heavy government will never be broken up, and we will pave the way for other dictatorial regime to win over the transitional period.

II. STRUCTURE OF IKOHI
a. Platform:
Organizing, strengthening and empowering the victims and relatives of victims as well as the resolution of the cases.

b. Vision:
Implementation of solidarity and justice for the victims and relatives of victims of human rights violation for the creation of a just and democratic society.

c. Mission:
· Strengthening the solidarity among the victims and relatives of victims of involuntary disappearances, as well as for becoming the means of sovereignty and struggle of the victims and relatives of victims in human rights promotion.
· Struggling for the solution of the cases of human rights violation, especially the cases of involuntary disappearances.
· Empowering the economic, social, political and cultural potential of the victims and relatives of victims.
· Struggling for the achievement of a just and democratic society.

d. Organizational Structure (AS OF CONGRESS IN OCTOBER 2002) of IKOHI
· Highest Organ is the Congress; carried out once every two year. All members have rights to attend.
· Advisory Board, whose members are elected by the Congress. They are (late) Munir (Imparsial; Indonesian Human Rights Watch), Asmara Nababan (former Secretary General of the Indonesian National Commission on Human Rights – KOMNAS HAM), Karlina Supelli (Voice of Concern Mothers - SIP), Firman Jaya Daeli (Parliament Members) and Mary Aileen D. Bacalso (the Secretary General of AFAD, ex-officio based in the Philippines).
· Working Body (BP), whose members are elected by the 1st Congress 2002. They are Mugiyanto (Chair), Ariani (Secretary, Non-Active), Paian Siahaan (Treasurer, Non-Active), Ahmad Mujtaba (Head of Database Division, Non-Active), Aan Rusdianto (Head of Empowerment Division), and Agus Yohanes (Head of Campaign Division, Non-Active).
· Regional Collective, who are in charge of organizing and managing the members in the regions. They are Zulkifli Ibrahim (Aceh), Azwar (Lampung), Yetti Sikumbang (extended Jakarta), Diah Sujirah (Central Java), Raharjo Utomo (East Java) and Gayus Yomaki (Papua), Nurlela (Central Sulawesi), Asmawi (South Sulawesi)
· Working Body (2003 – 2006)
Chairperson : Mugiyanto
Finance and Administration : Lusia Yuliartha
Empowerment Division : Sinnal Blegur
Dameria Sibuea
Veronica Iswinahyu
Siti Hasina
Campaign Division : Yurino Nugroho
Database Division : Agnes Gurning
Staff : Nelly Yarti
Marulloh


III. ACHIEVEMENT AND PROGRAMMES CONGRESS
Some of them are:
· Have built networking and promoted the forming of similar organizations in Aceh, Papua, Central Sulawesi, Central Java, East Java, Lampung, and Yogyakarta.
· Became a member of Asian Federation Against Involuntary Disappearances (AFAD) in August 2003.
· Attended the UN Human Rights Commission Plenary and met the UN Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances in 2003 and 2004 in Geneva.
· The Chairperson participated in “Lobby Training” in Geneva, 2004 and “Leadership Training” in Manila, 2003.
· Together with KontraS, hosted the workshop “Scientific Investigation on the Cases of Gross Human Rights Violation”, facilitated by experts from Argentinian Forensic Antropology Team (EAAF) in Jakarta, November 2003.
· A member participated in “Short Course dan Commemoration of the Kwangju Massacre” in Korea, 2004.
· The Chairperson participated in “First Victim’s Forum on ICC, held by International Coalition on ICC” in Manila, 2004.
· Together with KontraS, hosted a conference on “Mending Scars, Healing Wounds: The Sharing of Experiences of the Families of Enforced Disappearances” attended by victims’ families from Asia, Latin America, Africa, Europe, in Bogor, December 2004.
· Chairperson participated in lobby at the UNCHR in Geneva for the Adoption of Draft Convention on the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearances in Geneva since 2004 – 2005.
· Major achievements this year:
o KOMNAS HAM (National Commission on Human Rights) has on October 2005 set up an Inquiry Team of the Gross Violation of Human Rights on the Abduction and Disappearances of Political Activists in 1997/1998.
o UN Open Ended Working Group has approved the adobtion of the UN Convention on the Protection of All Persons from Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances on September 23, 2005. The formal adoption by the UN is awaiting approval by the UN General Assembly in September 2006.

Besides that, IKOHI have ran some proggrammes (some of them are still in progress) in cooperation with some institutions, such as : Tifa Foundation, Pulih Foundation, International Catholic Migration Commission (ICMC), Asian Federation Against Involuntary Disappearnces (AFAD), Ecumenical Diakoniches Werk (EKD – Germany) and Swiss Embassy in Jakarta has iterated its commitment to supoport IKOHI for the socialization of the Rome Statute on International Criminal Court (ICC), also other regional and national human rights organizations.

1. Campaign Programme on Promoting and Enforcing Human Rights in Transitional Period (2003-2004). This programme was supported by Tifa Foundation, comprised :
· Published Quarterly Buletin “Kembalikan!”
· Responded RUU KKR (The Draft of Truth and Reconciliation Comission Law) to be a pro-victims bill.
· Published Book on Victims of Involuntary Disappearances “Mereka yang Hilang dan Mereka yang Ditinggalkan”
· Compiled the Data on Cases and Victims of Involuntary Disappearances
This programme was completed in November 2004, comprised Aceh, Papua, Lampung, Bangka, East Java, Central Java, Lampung and Jakarta.
2. Psycological Strengthening Programme for Victims of Human Rights Violation (2003)
This programme was held in cooperation with Pulih Foundation and funded by ICMC. It ran for 3 months in mid of 2003. The coverage area of this activity was Jakarta and Central Java.
3. Social Rehabilitation Programme for Victims of Human Rights Violation (2003)
This programme was held in cooperation with AFAD and funded by EED, Germany. It ran for 6 months, in second semester of 2003. The coverage area of this programme was Jakarta, Central Java, Lampung, Bangka, dan East Java.
4. Workshop Programme on Victim’s Rights and State’s Accountability (2004-2005)
This one year programme is funded by EKD-Germany, started in May 2004 and will end in April 2005. This workshop was designed for victims of human rights violation in 3 cities : Jakarta, South Selawesi, and Jogjakarta.
5. Psychological Rehabilitation Programme for Survivor of Torture (2005)
Pilot project will be held in January – December 2005 in Jakarta. Funded by ICMC, IKOHI will establish a Psychological Rehabilitation Center for Victims of Human Rights Violation, services individual counseling and support group.
6. Focus Group Discussion Roadshow Programme on The Urgency of Dealing with Gross Human Rights Violation in the Past (2005).
This programme is supported by Tifa Foundation and will run in December 2004 - March 2005. This FGD roadshow will be held in 11 cities, with victim and non-victim recipients, and aims to increase people’s concern and participation to demand state’s accountability on gross human rights violation in the past.
7. October 2005, launched and publish a pocket book for victims of human rights violation “Understanding the Human Rights – Mengenal HAM” in cooperation with TIFA Foundation.
8. Doing lobby roadshow to the Government of Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines and Srilanka to support the UN Convention on the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearances (May – August 2005). The UN Draft Convention on Disappearances now has been agreed by the Open Ended Working Group of the UN to become a Convention, awaiting approval by the UN General Assembly in September 2006. The approval by the working group was on September 23 in Geneva.
9. Organizing Victims of Human Rights Violation in Papua, Central Sulawesi and South Sulawesi supported by TIFA Foundation (May 2005 – January 2006)

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IKOHI was set up on September 17, 1998 by the parents and surfaced victims of disappearances. Since then, IKOHI was assisted by KONTRAS, until October 2002 when finally IKOHI carried out it first congress to complete its organizational structure. In the Congress, IKOHI decided its two priority of programs. They are (1) the empowerment of the social, economic, social and cultural potential of the members as well as mental and physical, and (2) the campaign for solving of the cases and preventing the cases from happening again. The solving of the cases means the reveal of the truth, the justice for the perpetrators, the reparation and rehabilitation of the victims and the guarantee that such gross violation of human right will never be repeated again in the future.

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